Your weight and physical appearance depend on the food you eat. How many of you actually know that your hormones are also responsible for your total body weight? Hormones affect the metabolic processes in the body, regulating your body’s ability to store/melt fat.
Your body weight depends on your hormones, physical activity, genetics, eating habits and stress.
Hormones that “tell” your body to store or burn fat
Your body uses glucose as energy for cells. Blood sugar levels elevate after meals, and your pancreas is “told” to release more insulin. This hormone takes part in the delivery glucose to cells. Insulin gives you energy, but also stores fat. High insulin levels lead to increased storage of fat.
The stress hormone is excreted by the adrenal glands in order to prevent drops of blood sugar levels. Have you noticed that every time you are in a stressful situation you tend to eat more ice cream, cake, chocolate, cookies and other sweets? This is your way to get strength and cope with hard times.
Cortisol affects metabolism in order to preserve energy. If your cortisol levels are too high, you are likely to gain weight.
The satiety hormone is excreted by fat cells. It sends your brain a signal every time you are full. Leptin regulates metabolism and helps cells “decide” whether they will store fat or burn it. low leptin levels lead to an increase of appetite, and excess food is stored as fat in the body. Sleep deprivation causes a drop in leptin levels which is why you should sleep well every night.
4. Thyroid hormones
T3 and T4 are excreted by the thyroid gland, and their main role is to induce liposys. Thyroid hormones are also important for the metabolic processes in the body. Low levels of these hormones lead to obesity.
What should you eat to lose weight?
If you are trying to lose weight, try to eat three meals a day. Following a strict diet regimen is challenging, and the pounds you lose come back overnight. Starving yourself is not an option, as it kills your energy and muscle mass. Believe it or not, you can gain weight even if you eat once a day.
Losing weight is easy if you reduce the number of calories you eat every day. If you eat 1,900 calories every day, bring that number to 1,700. Calculate this number while taking into consideration your weight, height, age and physical activity.
Eat foods with low glycemic index (GI) as they don’t elevate insulin levels in the body. Avoid carbs, and eat foods packed with proteins and fiber. In this way you will prevent overeating. Protein builds nice muscle mass, and you burn more calories than body fat.
Best workout for weight loss
Exercising engages muscles and your body needs more glucose to produce more energy. Make sure you give your body enough sugar to replenish the loss. Try high-intensity interval training to enhance insulin sensitivity.
Exercise 1-1.5 hour in the gym if you are into workouts with moderate reps and loads. If you are doing high-intensity interval workouts, you will need 20 minutes. Your body will keep burning calories even after you leave the gym. Consider consuming shakes with carbs and proteins during your workout to control your cortisol.