Nosebleed or epistaxis refers to the bleeding from the nostril, nasopharynx, or nasal cavity. Usually, only one nostrils bleed.
Reasons & Epidemiology
Trauma is the main cause for nose bleeding, and there are multiple causes for epistaxis. As per Healthline, these reasons happens due to broken or cracked nose, presence of foreign body in the nose, allergic rhinitis, increased blood pressure, colds, anatomical deformity, and low platelet count.
As per, Patient Info, bleeding from nose is commonly and many people will cope with it sometime in their life. The epistaxis incidence in the juvenile population is still unknown, because only a small fraction leads the population to ask for medical care. Nosebleed episodes peak from 2-10 and 50-80 ages. Both men and women are affected. Children who have migraine have higher risk of epistaxis than children who don’t have migraine.
Signs & Symptoms
The primary symptom of nosebleed or epistaxis is bleeding in the nose. As per Web MD, the the nostril can be also filled with blood on the affected side and overflow within the nasopharynx. Then, the blood may be also spilled into the other nostril, and there will be bleeding in both of the nostrils. The blood can also go to the throat or in the stomach, which will lead the person to vomit or spit blood.
Dizziness, confusion, light-headedness, and fainting are also signs of excessive blood. These conditions can be accompanied with other signs of bleeding such as:gum bleeding, easy bruising, and bleeding in urine and stools.
You can regulate nosebleeding or epistaxis at home. As per, American Rhinologic Society, if you directly press the front of the nose, Nasal decongestants like neosynephrine and oxymetazoline are available as medications for nosebleed. A person can also use vaseline or ointment to the front of the nose with a Q-tip daily to moisturize and lower the chances of nose bleeding.
Other way that can help you in controlling nosebleed is via positioning. As per, Medicine Net, the parson who bleeds from nose, should lens forward with his head placed forward. If the person gets some of the blood in his throat and mouth, he should spit it out. This is to prevent vomiting, diarrhea, and nausea.
Saline spray is also another option for epistaxis. As per, Cleveland Clinic, one can apply saline nose drops two or three times daily in every nostril. A person can make saline solution at home, by combining a teaspoon of salt in a quart of water and to boil that for 20 minutes.
Remember that, nosebleed is not as serious as tuberculosis. However, you should immediately manage the nosebleed in order to relieve the condition and to avoid negative probable problems. Remember that, if the nosebleed happens to you for the first time or happens very often, ask for medical help and see your doctor.